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How Does Our Myositis Treatment Benefit You?

Myositis is a rare condition that causes inflammation in muscles. It may show varied symptoms on the skin involving rashes, inflammation, red patches, etc., along with muscle weakness, and other organ involvement. Other prominent symptoms are- weight loss, fatigue, low fever, etc. The myositis condition may be caused due to an injury, intake of medicines like statins, infection, and autoimmune conditions like systemic lupus erythematosus, etc.

In Ayurveda, the symptoms of myositis are mentioned in Mansafata Vatavyadhi. This underlines symptoms like Tudyateatyartha (excessive pain), Dandahatavedana (pain like being beaten with staff), Mushtihatavedana (excessive pain like being beaten with fist-cuffs), Sarukaatishrama (excessive fatigue with pain). As the symptoms suggest, myositis is caused due to vitiation of Vata dosha that gets accumulated in the Mamsa dhatu and leads to inflammation.

The line of treatment of myositis in Ayurveda involves Shodhana (purification) and Shamana (curative) chikitsa. This elaborately involves therapies like Virechana, Niruhabasti, and Shamana. The herbs used during the entire treatment are ashwagandha, Bala, Guggulu, etc., which have anti-inflammatory properties and help in regaining muscle strength. The individual is also advised to take a proper diet with an exercise regimen that helps in quick healing and regaining strength in the muscles. This line of treatment helps in a complete reversal of myositis in a holistic way.

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Symptoms of Myositis

Myositis symptoms differ from person to person.

They may include the following:

  • Weak and tired muscles that make daily tasks like climbing stairs, brushing hair, and getting in and out of cars difficult difficult muscle pain
  • Muscles that are tender to touch 
  • Muscles that swell from time to time 
  • Weight loss 
  • Night sweats
  • The most commonly affected muscles are those in the shoulders, hips, and thighs.
  • People with myositis are more likely to fall over due to muscle weakness and fatigue.

Types of Myositis

  1. Dermatomyositis

Dermatomyositis (DM) is the most easily diagnosed form of myositis due to the purple-red rashes in the shape of a heliotrope flower. The rash appears on the eyelids, the face, the chest, the neck, and the back. It also appears on the knuckles, elbows, knees, and toes.

  1. Inclusion-body myositis

Inclusion-body myositis (IBM) is the only myositis that affects men more than women. The majority of those who develop this condition are over the age of 50. IBM begins with wrist and finger weakness, as well as thigh muscle weakness. Muscle weakness is more noticeable in smaller muscles and is asymmetrical, affecting one side of the body more than the other.

  1. Juvenile myositis

Juvenile myositis (JM) affects children under the age of 18. Girls are twice as likely as boys to develop JM. JM, like the other types of myositis, causes muscle weakness and skin rashes. JM symptoms include – a visible reddish-purple rash over the eyelids or joints, sometimes resembling a heliotrope flower; fatigue; moodiness or irritability; stomachaches, and so on.

  1. Polymyositis

Polymyositis (PM) begins with muscle weakness in the muscles closest to the body's trunk and then spreads. Each case of PM is distinct, and people with PM are frequently discovered to have additional autoimmune diseases.

  1. Toxic myositis

Some prescribed medications and illicit drugs are thought to cause toxic myositis. Statins, which lower cholesterol, may be among the most common drugs to cause this condition. Other medications and substances may cause myositis, though this is extremely rare.

Causes of Myositis

Myositis is thought to be an autoimmune disorder in which the body attacks the muscles. The majority of cases have no known cause. Injury and infection, however, are thought to play a role.

Myositis can also be brought on by:

  • Autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and lupus 
  • Viruses like the common cold and flu, as well as HIV 
  • Drug toxicity

Ayurvedic view on Myositis

Myositis is defined in Ayurveda as a mans dhatu dushti caused by the vitiation of tridosha, which results in the mansavaha strotodudhti, which results in the depletion of mans dhatu (connective tissue related to the muscles) of the body, manifested by soth (muscle fiber inflammation), ruja (pain), and durbalya (chronic fatigue), etc.

Treatment options for myositis in Ayurveda

All approaches to managing muscle weakness aim to improve the quality of your daily routines and promote muscle growth and health. Your Ayurvedic doctor will often recommend a healthy combination of some of the following treatments to help you recover quickly.

  1. Panchakarma - If your body is strong enough to withstand the procedural requirements of 1. panchakarma treatment, this detoxification therapy is excellent for removing toxins from muscle tissues and promoting circulation. This increases nutrition to the muscles and aids in muscle strengthening.
  1. Abhyangam also aids in muscle strengthening by increasing circulation to the massaged area. Furthermore, the massage movements stimulate the target muscles.
  1. Kizhis like navarakizhi provide targeted treatment options in which you are aware of the specific muscle group that is weak. In addition to the effect of the fomentation, the herbal formulation will deliver its specific action.

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Dr. Soumya Hullannavar

Ayurveda Specialist with 12+ Years Experience.
Accredited Member of Resolve Foundation® & AYUSH.
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