Acne is a common skin condition that develops pimples on the face, forehead, chest, shoulders, and upper back, among other places. Genetics, changing hormone levels, stress, excessive humidity, and the use of oily or greasy personal care products, contribute in formation of acne. Acne and acne scars are most frequent among teens, although it may strike anybody at any age.
“Yauvana pidika” is the term for acne in Ayurveda. The vitiation of Kapha, Vata, and Rakta causes the condition Yauvana pidika. One of the causative factors has been identified as Swabhava (natural status). Though Shukra pradurbhava (manifestation of Shukra Dhatu) occurs during the Taruna avastha (adolescent phase), Sharangadhara mentions Vaktre Snigdhata (unctuousness on the face) and Pidika (boil) development on the face as Mala (waste product) of Shukra Dhatu. As a result, the onset of acne and acne scars at this age is expected.
Local creams, antibiotics, and steroids solely cover the symptoms; they do not address the underlying source of the problem, which is why the problem recurs so frequently. Patients should follow a personalized Acne treatment strategy that includes a healthy diet and specialized natural herbal medicine. The therapy focuses on calming Pitta by improving digestion and clearing the body of impurities with individualized herbal medications and home remedies.
Hormonal therapy, antibiotics, and surgical or para-surgical methods are all suggested as treatments by modern medicine. Alternatives are being considered for significant relief because these solutions have some limits. Herbal combinations that cleanse the blood and regulate the Kapha and Pitta balance can be used safely for a longer period of time in this situation.
It is caused by dead keratin flakes and sebum blocks a hair follicle. These types of acne do not cause inflammation.
Whitehead (closed comedones) - Whiteheads appear when a pore is clogged by sebum and dead skin cells. The top of the pore, unlike blackheads, closes up. It seems to be a little hump protruding from the skin's surface.
Blackheads (open comedones) - Blackheads form when a combination of oil and dead skin cells clogs a pore. The top of the pore stays open despite the fact that the bulk of the hole is plugged. As a result, the surface has a unique black tone to it.
When the walls around your pores break down due to acute inflammation, papules form. As a result, the pores become stiff and blocked, as well as painful to the touch. Normally, the skin around these pores is pink.
When the walls around your pores break down, pustules can occur. Pustules, unlike papules, are filled with pus. These lumps are generally red and protrude from the skin. On top of them, they frequently have yellow or white heads.
Cysts can form when a mix of germs, sebum, and dead skin cells block pores. Clogs develop beneath the surface of the skin and are deeper than nodules. To the touch, these huge red or white lumps are typically uncomfortable. Cysts are the most common type of acne, and they occur as a result of a severe infection. This form of acne also has the highest risk of scars.
When blocked, swollen pores are exposed to further irritation, nodules form. Nodules are deeper beneath the skin than pustules and papules and are difficult to cure.
The condition in which nodules and cysts are formed together are known as acne conglobate, which are severe forms of acne. They are deeply embedded in the epidermal layer and leave behind scars or disfigurement on the face. This is common in adolescents and is seen on the chest, back, thighs and face. These bumps are filled with stinky pus and it is recommended to seek medical attention. .
It is also referred to as adult acne as it occurs in adolescence. It is most common in females with endocrine dysfunction or PCOS which leads to hyperandrogenism. This is initially found in lower parts of the face and is inflammatory acne. Further, if triggered, can be found on other parts of the body like thighs, arms, stomach and back.
The appearance of acne mechanica is similar to acne vulgaris but is different in the way it is caused. Acne mechanica is caused due to application of pressure, rubbing or friction from clothes and wearables/ accessories, which results in development of acne. This is common in people with sensitive skin and involves excess physical activity.
“The ayurvedic approach of disease looks for the root cause and not merely the symptoms. The basic principles of Ayurveda consider an individual human a specific identity and hence his treatment giving importance to the treatment of the patient rather than the treatment of the disease.”
“Since Ayurveda focuses on the root-cause of the disease, it effectively reduces the risk of severe health complications arising out of the untreated underlying cause. Patients who complete their Ayurveda treatment have a reduced risk of health complications later.”
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