Dandruff is a harmless dry, white flake of skin that you brush off your collar or shoulders. However, it may be humiliating and unpleasant. Dandruff is not caused by frequency of hair washing, instead, it's all about your scalp's skin. The issue is that skin cells develop and die too quickly. It's not obvious why this happens. Malassezia, a common fungus, causes dandruff. The dandruff can be caused due to overreaction of the body with fungus.
Dandruff is classified by Ayurveda as Shudra Roga-Darunakam, which occurs when all three doshas are out of balance (Ayurvedic humor). Pitta and Vata are the two main doshas involved. Both doshas produce unique impurities termed ama, which are dry and hot in nature when they are inflamed. These toxins collect in the scalp's deep tissues, damaging them. Itching and spots on the scalp are caused by contamination of the deep tissues and an intensified Vata-Pitta Dosha. Because of these variables, the scalp loses a higher-than-normal number of dead epidermal cells, resulting in dandruff.
Treatment of dandruff in Ayurveda is elimination from its root cause, i.e. by balancing Vata and pitta dosha, and by using potent drugs to speed up the process. The treatment for dandruff includes multiple detoxifications, massage of head with herbal oils and intake of medications to balance doshas. This line of treatment has helped people live dandruff free flaunting hairs.
In the initial stage, it is difficult to differentiate between Scalp Psoriasis and Dandruff. Both are common skin conditions which effect Scalp.
These two conditions also share similar symptoms like itchy, red, scaly skin which makes it even harder to differentiate between the two. Though two conditions look similar there are some other aspects where they differ from each other. As there are no tests available to diagnose these condition it can be done only through visual examination of the scalp by the doctor will able to make the diagnosis.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a common, chronic, superficial skin disorder causing scaly, itchy, red skin on the scalp, face, upper chest, back and other oily areas in the body.
Seborrheic dermatitis is one of the leading causes of stubborn dandruff and occurs in all age groups. This condition primarily affects the sebaceous cysts present in the skin.
People with oily skin are more likely to develop seborrheic dermatitis. It's a very bad case of oily skin dandruff. This common scalp ailment can produce red scaly areas and irritation in addition to flakes.
This type of dandruff usually happens in winters as the weather becomes cold and indoor heating dries up the skin, including scalp. Overly drying a scalp can irritate it and cause it to shed skin cells. Dandruff flakes are tiny and white colored. This makes your scalp itchy.
Sebum, an oily fluid that helps moisturize and protect your skin, is produced by glands just beneath the surface of your skin. When these glands create too much sebum, your hair might become oily. Moreover, excess oil can clog together and irritate your scalp, leading to dandruff. The flakes of oily skin dandruff are larger than those of dry skin ones. The flakes might seem a little yellow rather than white, and they may also appear oilier. Seborrheic dermatitis is a next level severe condition of oily skin dandruff.
Malassezia is the type of fungus that causes dandruff and is found on every human skin. This condition may further lead to eczema in some people.
Psoriasis, eczema, and seborrheic dermatitis are just a few of the common skin conditions that can damage your scalp and create dandruff.
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