Thyroid gland produces hormones that are responsible for almost all the metabolic processes within the body. Thyroid disorders range from small and harmless goiter to a life threatening cancer. These disorders are due to abnormal production of thyroid hormones. Too much production of thyroid hormones is known as hyperthyroidism and less production of thyroid hormones is known as hypothyroidism. Thyroid gland tumors, excessive stress, decreased or excessive intake of drug side effects, and goiter toxicity are all prominent causes of thyroid diseases.
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce hormones adequately. It is usually caused by Kapha dosha, however Pitta dosha has declined as the major cause of the mandagni (slow metabolism). Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the hormone is produced in excess.
A person's symptoms begin to manifest depending on the degree of dosha vitiation. When Kapha increases and Pitta decreases, there is a chance that Pitta will be covered by Kapha (Pittavrutha Kapha), resulting in symptoms such as weight gain, weariness, thinning hair, pus-filled acne, stiffness, swelling of joints, puffiness around the eyes, and so on. Increased Pitta dosha causes increased cellular metabolism, which causes weight loss, excessive perspiration, a desire for coolness, anxiety, and other symptoms. It also affects many other Pitta linked or dependent organs. In females, when Pitta dosha plays a significant role, this has an impact on menstrual periods.
The treatment of thyroid in Ayurveda is linked to control of these energies and correction of thyroxine hormone in the body. Ayurveda provides a particular and tailored treatment for thyroid disorders. Pittaja vikara is the treatment for this type of disease. Virechana (shodhana), Nasyam (shirorechana), Dhumapaana, Kavala (gargling with certain medicines), and other internal treatments might be the starting point.
Hyperthyroidism: This is the condition in which thyroid hormones are over-produced, but occurs in different ways:
Treatment: Hyperthyroidism treatment focuses on cleaning bodily channels, renewing, and detoxifying the body to reduce the excessive presence as well as creation of hormones. Boosting immunity by increasing Pitta is also given special focus to ensure a lower risk of common diseases.
Hypothyroidism:This is the condition in which thyroid hormones are produced inadequately, but occurs in different ways:
Treatment: Ayurvedic hypothyroidism therapy entails cleansing these channels in order to restore thyroxine circulation and balance bodily energies. Herbal remedies are used to restore correct metabolism and boost the gastro-enteric fire on a cellular level.
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