Bell’s palsy is a condition in which a person experiences temporary weakness or paralysis of muscles in the face. It occurs due to inflammation, swelling or compression of facial muscles. In this condition, a person finds difficulty in smiling, closing eyes or affected part of face may become stiff. This is a temporary condition, yet occurs at any age from 16-60. There are several causes of Bell’s palsy like infection with virus and bacteria, stress, sleep deprivation, etc. which triggers this autoimmune condition.
‘Adrita’ is the term for Bell’s palsy in Ayurveda. It is suggested that Bell’s palsy is caused due to vitiation of Vata dosha, which can be caused due to excess of cold food intake, disturbance in sleep, stress and viral infections. Due to vitiation of Vata dosha, there is accumulation of ama in corresponding nerves, arteries and veins that are situated in the face. This deteriorates the functioning of nerves in the face and results in Adrita or Bell’s palsy. When Bell’s palsy is caused due to Vata dosha, a person may feel nausea, shivering, pulsation, locking jaw, edema over lips and pain in a specific area of face. When Bell’s palsy is caused due to Pitta dosha, face turns yellowish in color, and is accompanied by fever, thirst, syncope, etc. When Bell’s palsy is caused due to Kapha dosha, a person may feel edema over the hair margin, cheeks, face and neck, stiffness of muscles of face, etc.
Ayurveda suggests treatment of Bell’s palsy from its root cause, i.e. by balancing vitiated doshas by treatments like abhyanga, mirdu swedana, nasya, vatahara oushada, etc. Further, the entire body is cleansed by panchakarma procedures. Internal medications are also provided in order to balance the vitiated doshas. This entire line of treatment helps in complete reversal of Bell’s palsy.
Palsy is the term in medical science that is linked to paralysis of any part in the body, which is accompanied with weakness of muscles, loss of feelings and uncontrolled bodily movements. There are nine types of palsy:
Only steroid and anti-inflammatory medicines are used in allopathic treatment of facial palsy, with the risk of recurrence and adverse effects. Ardita can be effectively treated using Ayurvedic remedies, with a lower risk of recurrence and no adverse effects.
The following are traditional therapeutic methods as described in Ayurvedic texts:
“The ayurvedic approach of disease looks for the root cause and not merely the symptoms. The basic principles of Ayurveda consider an individual human a specific identity and hence his treatment giving importance to the treatment of the patient rather than the treatment of the disease.”
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