Peripheral Neuropathy is in which the nerves of the brain and spinal cord are damaged or diseased. Peripheral nerves make an entire network within the body i.e. from brain and spinal cord to muscles, skin and internal organs. All these nerves are arranged along lines known as dermatomes. In Peripheral Neuropathy, these dermatomes are damaged which then interrupts the communication between the brain and other parts of the body and causes symptoms like impaired muscle movement, preventing normal sensation in arms and legs, which cause pain.
According to Ayurveda, Peripheral Neuropathy is caused due to vitiation of Vata Dosha. This suggests two conditions; either there is excess of Vata dosha or depressed Vata dosha. So, either the Vata accumulates or stops the movement which hampers the signaling of neurons. So, if Vata is depressed, the person is unable to feel any touch nor is able to reflect on their actions. Similarly, when Vata dosha is in excess, there is overexpression of any senses. This leads to Peripheral Neuropathy.
Ayurveda believes in rectifying the root cause of disease and here it is vitiation of doshas. The target of treatment for Peripheral Neuropathy in Ayurveda is to stop the further decay of myelin sheath and to help the myelin sheath reconstruction. This is done by first eliminating all the toxins at cellular level from the body via panchakarma procedures. Further Ayurvedic formulations are provided to stabilize the doshas. Moreover, stress also plays a major role during Ayurvedic treatments, which is cured by yoga and meditation. This line of treatment helps in reversing Peripheral Neuropathy in a holistic way.
The Vata dosha is at the root of neuropathy in Ayurveda. This might indicate either an overabundance of Vata dosha or a lack of expression of Vata activity. In both cases, we might state that Vata is out of equilibrium in the body. Vata's principle is activity. It is not a healthy state when this activity manifests as tremors. Similarly, when the movement abruptly ceases, this is not a condition. In one situation, it's a matter of exaggeration. It's a depressing activity.
Touch sensation is a Vata Dosha action. When nothing is contacting the skin, however, the skin perceives that something is present. Overexpression of the Vata causes a sense as if you're wearing a glove or shocks. This starts the manifestation of neuropathic changes. There is no such thing as an illness caused by a single dosha. Every sickness involves all of the doshas in equal measure. Kapha and Pitta are both implicated in this type of neuropathy.
The Pitta Dosha cannot be the cause of the burning feeling. Similarly, numbness is impossible to experience without Kapha Dosha. Both of these disorders can be found in people who have neuropathy. As a result, this isn't about the Vata dosha. All three doshas must be in equilibrium.
When we say depressed Vata, we're referring to Pitta or Kapha expressing themselves more. This is the explanation, notwithstanding Vata dosha usual conduct. Numbness and heat are experienced by Kapha and Pitta.
The principle of cause and effect is important in Ayurveda. You can't treat the effect until the source is fixed. However, most neuropathy treatment approaches continue to be in the other direction. The key worry is that the indications and symptoms will fade away.
You're in pain and reach for a neuropathic pain reliever. If you're experiencing numbness, take that vitamin. However, these compounds have their own set of limitations. Chemicals can assist for a shorter period of time. However, the diseases cannot be reversed.
Ayurveda emphasizes the need of restoring normal physiological functions.
The same strategy is effective in the treatment of neuropathy. The treatment's goal is to:
“The ayurvedic approach of disease looks for the root cause and not merely the symptoms. The basic principles of Ayurveda consider an individual human a specific identity and hence his treatment giving importance to the treatment of the patient rather than the treatment of the disease.”
“Since Ayurveda focuses on the root-cause of the disease, it effectively reduces the risk of severe health complications arising out of the untreated underlying cause. Patients who complete their Ayurveda treatment have a reduced risk of health complications later.”
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