The Nervous System is a very complicated system in the body which regulates and coordinates the body’s basic functions and activities. A human’s entire body is controlled by the nervous system. It regulates the processes starting from digestion up to the endocrine function also everything depends upon the complex neurophysiology. It comprises two parts as the Central Nervous System which includes brain and spinal cord, and peripheral nervous system which includes other neural elements.

Neurological disorders are medically defined as disorders that affect the brain as well as the nerves found throughout the human body and the spinal cord. According to Ayurveda, there are 7 types of Dhatu in the body. Amongst these, Majja Dhatu problems are related to neurological diseases. In the maximum cases neurological diseases are considered under Vatavyadhi which are the problems associated with the imbalance of Vata dosha. The other two Doshas may be in frost along with complications with Dhatu and Mala. The neurological disorders such as stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and muscular dystrophy can be caused due to improper diet, wrong lifestyle, as well as due to genetic predisposition in some cases.

Over 80 types of neuro disorders have been acknowledged by Ayurveda, which includes neurodegenerative diseases as vatavyadhi which is influenced by the effect of vata dosha, which in turn is the major constituent of Tridosha, and determines a person’s basic constitution type called as Prakriti and holistically approaches for the treatment via medicinal plant. According to Ayurveda there are three types of diseases which are manifested due to an imbalance in vata dosha.

1. Vata vriddhi – Neural hyperfunctioning

2. Vata kshaya – Neural hypofunctioning

3. Avarana – Masked functioning

The diseases caused due to imbalance in vata dosha are usually incurable but Ayurveda provides some diverse treatments which includes Panchakarma, yoga, massage, usage of herbal medicine, and a proper lifestyle, which can make life easier and increase life expectancy. “Satwavajaya” is a psychotherapy which is employed along with yoga in order to restore memory, intellect, and fortitude of an individual. 

“Marma” is a therapy in Ayurveda which is based on massaging to 107 vital points of the body in order to treat diseases of nerves and brain which includes several types of paraplegia, hemiplegia and monoplegia. 

During treatment of these diseases, Ayurveda considered all the psychosomatic traits for selection of proper therapy. It also considers a person’s mental, physical and emotional health, such that the person is not affected during the therapy. For varied neurological problems like epilepsy, psycho dermatosis, etc. Ayurveda provides suggestions for modification in lifestyle, nutrition, and psychology along with other therapies. The philosophy of Ayurveda promotes the principle of harmony in attaining Sattvic lifestyle to overcome illness and rapid healing to the body. Moreover the medicines the poly herbal formulations which have indirect effect on the action site. 56 plants in Ayurveda have been recommended for the treatment of brain disorders. The disorders like Parkinson’s disease, dementia, epilepsy, cognitive disorders, retinal degeneration diseases, Alzheimer’s disease, and neurodegenerative diseases, can be cured with poly herbal formulations.

After years of usage of traditional medicine in brain and nerve disorders and the support of more than decades-old in vitro and animal studies, it have been reported with efficiency in several indications and considerable but rigorous test were the safety profiles, it can be concluded that Ayurveda plant based products can be used to treat human for neurological disorders and other fields of healthcare. Ayurvedic formulations when taken in proper dosage and contraindications, can cure the complex incurable alignments of the brain. Besides the study of pharmacological activity of the components in the herbs, recent construction of Ayurvedic therapy in present millennium can transcend from the existing methodology of disease detection, prognosis, treatment, and follow-up to a state of exploring Ayurvedic lifestyle, regimen, and yogic practices as a part of treatment regimen. 

By practicing yoga one can prevent diseases such as insomnia, autoimmune diseases, heart diseases, stroke, psychiatric diseases, many cancer, asthma, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, obesity arthritis, gout, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, infertility, hair loss, and more. Other treatments like Panchakarma, shirodhara, shirovasti, vasti treatment, vamanam treatment, herbal steam, and head massage, may also reduce chances of the development of neurological disorders.

Ayurveda proves to be a very curator of neurological disorders as it helps in maintaining a healthy balance of the brain. The fundamental principles of Ayurveda argue that for the living being to work in sync it’s necessary that its body, mind, and soul are in sync with each other. Ayurvedic remedies are basically focused on studying Prakriti and behavior of the disease. Thus, Ayurveda proves to be an important tool in curing neurological diseases and removes the root cause of the disease without any side effects.