All the way long we have considered Tridoshas as the root of everything happening in the body.
But do we actually know which Dhosha is dominant where?
Do we actually understand the mechanism of how they work?
To what can we relate the Dosha in modern science?
Moreover, if we go deep and understand our body, the vital role is played by our brain and heart. All the functions are governed by the brain and all the emotions are governed by the heart.
So which Dosha plays this vital role?
Which Dosha helps us to understand more of ourselves?
Let’s get answers to these questions.
In Ayurveda, the theory of Tridosha is a unique one which identifies diseases and also it’s cure. Pitta Dosha plays a vital role in the body by digesting. It performs the primal role of metabolism. All the metabolic and catabolic activities, biochemical reactions and energy exchange are governed by Pitta Dosha. It is involved in every change taking place in the body. Pitta Dosha is present at cellular level, single system level and at organization level. Pitta Dosha is circulated within the body by Vata Dosha.
According to Ayurveda, Pitta Dosha has five types:
1.Pachaka Pitta – Governs process of digestion.
2.Ranjaka Pitta – Governs formation of plasma and blood cells.
3.Sadhaka Pitta – Governs heart and brain.
4.Alochaka Pitta – Governs organs of sight.
5.Bhrajaka Pitta – Governs site of touch.
All these types are situated at different locations and perform different functions. Sadhaka Pitta is located in hridaya and is responsible for one’s aspirations, enthusiasm, self esteem, intelligence, memory. Sadhaka Pitta has varied tasks and is not the same entity always. It looks over the circulation of blood and it’s pumping. Hirdaya is further splitted into six divisions of the body, which are, internal organs, consciousness, motor and sensory organs, five objects of sensory perceptions, and the soul.
Sadhaka Pitta is present in Hirdaya, and is responsible for mental function, emotions, intellect, self esteem, etc. It plays an important role in the development of buddhi (intellect) and helps to achieve the objects associated with buddhi (intellect) like Medha (Discriminating ability) and Abhimana (self esteem). It helps in achieving one’s manoartha and purushartha.
According to Acharya Charaka, Prana vayu is responsible for proper functioning of Buddhi, Hirdaya, Indriya, and Chiita. It is located in Murdha, along the thorax and throat. Prana vayu is situated in the head and moves through the chest. It controls functionalities of intellect, brain, sensory organs, blood vessels, also the functions of supporting, sneezing, bleaching, breathing and swallowing food.
Acharya Vagbhatta mentions the function of Prana vayu as “buddhi hridaya indriya chitha dharik”. Vyana vayu on the other hand controls autonomic functions of the body. It forcefully ejects Rasa Dhatu (blood) into the heart and gets it circulated in the entire body. Sadhaka Pitta associates these Prana vayu and Vyana vayu in order to attain one’s desires. This proves the basic theory that ” Body’s control system allows the functional system to operate in support of one another”.
Bio chemicals that are secreted in the brain bring about all the mental functions. Buddhi (intellect) is one of the functions of the Sadhaka Pitta and it is developed by other complex processes like Chintya (thought), Vicharya ( consideration), Uhya (hypothesis), Dheya (concentration), and sankalpana (determination). Similarly, in modern science, a thought is a pattern of stimulations from the cerebral cortex, thalamus, limbic system and upper reticular activating system of the brain. All these functions are complex and as a hole included in brainly functionalities.
To achieve this transmission of information, neurotransmitters and neuropeptides are responsible to work on molecular level; and this same work in Ayurveda, is accomplished by Sadhaka Pitta. It helps to transform or transport the information between the neurons of the brain, anatomical structures of the brain, between cortex, spinal cord and midbrain, as well as other parts of the body. Thus, varied emotions of Harsha (happiness), Utsaha (excitement), Buudhi (intellect), Abhimana (self esteem), etc occurs. Combination of all these functions of Sadhaka Pitta, a person’s desires are attained.
Furthermore, stress is a side effect of excess accumulation of Kapha Dosha which leads a person to depression. It mainly deactivates the higher centre of brain and leads to excessive sleep. It in turn is proportionate to slow down all the activities, brainly powers and lowers the desires of goal achievement. Sadhaka Pitta works completely opposite to it. It reactivates the brain and enables it to achieve goals and aspirations. In absence of Sadhaka Pitta, it would be impossible for a person to achieve their goals. Sadhaka Pitta makes men think better in a competitive environment. It gives vigour and enthusiasm to attain the main four objects of humankind- Dharma (Duties), Artha (wealth), Kama (accomplishment of desires), and Moksha (Salvation).
People with imbalanced Sadhaka Pitta experience drastic changes in their moods in different ways. They accumulate emotional toxins called ’emotional ama’. It is therefore necessary to maintain Pitta in its good level.
Thus, from above context we can say that, sadhaka Pitta is same as neurotransmitters, neuropeptides, and neurohormones like acetylcholine, dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine preset in the brain, on the basis of its functionality.
As a whole, Ayurveda lays a context for better understanding of the human body. The pillars of humans, their functions and their delivery directly affects a personality.