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Migraine headaches are more severe than regular headaches. Migraines are characterised by pain or throbbing on one side of the brain. They may also be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or light and sound sensitivity. Migraines can last anywhere from a few hours to a few days, and the pain and other symptoms can be incapacitating. They occur at varying frequencies; some people have them many times every month, while others can go months without having one. A variety of lifestyle factors or environmental triggers may play a role in migraine development. The following are some examples of potential triggers:

  • Alcohol

The most common migraine trigger is alcohol. Red wine, in particular, is a well-known migraine cause.

  • Food

Some foods and food additives can cause migraines. Lunch meat, chocolate, eggs, aged cheeses, processed foods, salty snacks, too much caffeine, and foods containing monosodium glutamate (MSG) or artificial sweeteners (e.g., aspartame) are all examples.

  • Sleeping habits

Sleep deprivation, low quality sleep, or excessive sleep are all potential migraine triggers. Getting enough rest and following a decent sleep hygiene programme might help migraines stop in their tracks.

  • Dehydration or hunger

Meal skipping may cause migraines owing to a decline in blood glucose levels. Dehydration is another common cause.

  • Stress

Extreme stress can harm the body in a variety of ways, including inducing migraines. Migraine headaches can be triggered by daily stressors such as traffic congestion, work obligations, and family duties.

  • Stimuli for the senses

A migraine can be triggered by sensitivity to sensory stimulation. Bright or flashing lights, loud noises, and strong odours, for example, can all cause migraines. Even direct sunshine could be a trigger. Wearing sunglasses to reduce the effects of bright lights may be beneficial.

  • Weather

Some persons may experience migraines as a result of severe weather or changes in weather patterns. Extremely strong sunlight, severe temperatures, changes in barometric pressure, and even wind can all cause migraines.

  • Extensive activity

Pushing the body too hard during physical activity, such as exercise or sex, has been linked to migraines. Choosing less strenuous activities or slowing down the pace may be beneficial.

  • Medications

Vasodilators (such as nitroglycerin) and hormone-based medicines can both cause migraine headaches. Analgesic overuse can also cause migraines.

  • Changes in hormones

Hormonal fluctuations can cause migraines. Changes in oestrogen levels in women, particularly before or during menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause, might potentially provoke migraine headaches.


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