A variety of medications are available to assist you in managing and treating your diabetes. Since everybody is different, the care you receive can be tailored to your specific needs.
Diabetes is a chronic disease, in which insulin is not effectively produced or used by the body. It is not curable for most people, however, treatments include medicines, lifestyle changes, and diabetes management.
How can I tell if I am diabetic?
If you have any diabetics or if you have a high blood sugar level in the urine, your doctor may suggest you have diabetes.
Your blood glucose levels might become high if your pancreas produces little to no insulin (type 1 diabetes) or if you do not usually respond to insulin (type 2 diabetes).
What are the available treatments for diabetes?
Diabetes is a grave illness you can’t cure yourself. Your doctor will help you develop a diabetes care plan that you will understand.
The primary objective of diabetes treatment is to recover blood sugar to a healthy threshold and to limit the risk of complications and help a diabetic person regain his everyday activities.
In this article, the treatments and the role of insulin are discussed for types1 and 2 diabetes. Some people can handle Type 2, with changes in their lifestyles, so we also discuss how someone could reverse his development in the early stages of diabetes.
Which diabetes medicines should I consider?
The medication you use will depend on the type of diabetes you are taking and how well your glucose levels, also known as blood sugar, are controlled by the medication. Other factors such as your other health problems, the cost of medication, and your routine will play a role in the medicine you take for diabetes.
Medicines for Type 1 Diabetes
Insulin is the primary medicine for the treatment of type 1 diabetes.
You must take insulin if you have type 1 diabetes since your body can not create this hormone anymore. During the day you have to take insulin, like meals, many times. You might also use a pump for insulin that gives you small, constant doses all day long.
Insulin is not always needed with type 2 diabetes.
However, a doctor might suggest taking it during pregnancy or prolonged hospital admission at some times. Self-observation will help a person decide on when to take insulin.
Insulin has various methods of delivery. The following are the most frequent approaches:
Insulin pump: It provides a small, continuous daily dose of insulin.
Needle and syringe: A person draws the fluid and injects a piston with insulin. The best position is on your chest, but an individual may also shoot the upper arm, buttocks, or thigh.
Some people need many shots to make their blood glucose ideal. Others will need just one shot.
Pen: There are insulin plums available, while others provide room for an insulin cartouche to be replaced. They’re more costly than needles but easier to use and look like a pen instead of just a nib.
Insulin may also be administered using the following methods, which are less common:
Inhaler: Some forms of insulin can be inhaled as a powder via an inhaler unit. Inhaled insulin reaches the bloodstream more quickly than other forms. It is, however, only for adults with type 1 or types 2 diabetes.
Jet injector: Instead of a needle injection, a fine, high-pressure spray is sprayed onto the skin with a jet injector.
Injection port: This contains a short tube that the individual who requires insulin inserts underneath the skin. They will then use a pen or needle and syringe to inject insulin into the port, replacing it every few days. The use of an injection port eliminates the need to puncture the skin daily.
Medicines for Type 2 Diabetes
Few type 2 Diabetics can manage their condition by healthy food choices and physical activity. Many people suffering from type 2 diabetes still require medication.
Metformin is a main type 2 medicine that people use as a pill or a liquid. It reduces blood sugar and improves the effects of insulin and helps to minimize weights and the effects of diabetes.
Some oral drugs that can help people with type 2 diabetes lower their blood glucose levels include:
• Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, like acarbose and miglitol, delay the breakup of starches into glucose after a meal, thereby lowering blood sugar levels.
• Biguanides, such as metformin, lower glucose production in the liver and increase insulin sensitivity in muscle tissue, allowing for better glucose absorption.
• Bile acid sequestrants (BASs), which lower blood sugar levels and cholesterol without entering the bloodstream, make them healthy for people with liver problems.
• DPP-4 inhibitors, like alogliptin, linagliptin, and saxagliptin, enhance glucose binding to the blood without causing low blood sugar levels.
• Meglitinides, like nateglinide and repaglinide, induce insulin release but can trigger low blood sugar levels.
• SGLT2 inhibitors, such as canagliflozin and dapagliflozin, help block glucose reabsorption in the kidneys, allowing sugars to pass through the urine.
• Sulfonylureas, which stimulate insulin release in the pancreas and include glimepiride, glipizide, and chlorpropamide.
• Thiazolidinediones, or TZDs, like rosiglitazone and pioglitazone, that increase insulin function in fat and muscle while slowing glucose output in the liver.
• GLP-1 agonists, such as albiglutide, dulaglutide, exenatide, liraglutide, lixisenatide, and semaglutide, can aid weight loss and reduce cardiovascular events in some people.
Note: Some medications need an injection, for example, receptor agonists GLP-1, which reduce the liver glucose output and increase the production of insulin.
Medicines for Gestational Diabetes
You can first try controlling the amount of your blood glucose if you have gestational diabetes by having a healthy diet and daily physical activity. You will speak with your health team about diabetes medications such as insulin, the pill metformin, or the diabetes pill which is safe for you to take during pregnancy if you cannot achieve your blood glucose goal. If your blood sugar level is very high, your health team can immediately start you using diabetes medicines.
Whatever diabetes you have will often feel like a burden by taking diabetes medicines every day. You will also need medications as part of the diabetes treatment plan for other medical conditions, such as hypertension or high cholesterol.
What should I know about the side effects of diabetes medications?
Side effects are medicine-induced issues. If you do not combine your medications with food and activities, some of your diabetes medications can cause hypoglycemia, often referred to as low blood glucose.
Ask your doctor about hypoglycemia or other side effects, including stomach upset and weight gain, with your diabetes medicament. Use your diabetes medications to avoid side effects and diabetes complications as your healthcare provider told you to do so.
Less Common Treatments
Some modern and more experimental therapies have shown beneficial blood glucose and diabetes effects.
Bariatric surgery: This will help people with obesity and type 2 diabetes return to normal levels of blood glucose, also known as weight loss surgery.
Research also indicates that this kind of surgery could help blood glucose regulation in people with type 1 diabetes.
Artificial pancreas: An artificial pancreas known as the hybrid closed-loop system replaces glycemia and insulin injections, blood sugar is calculated every 5 minutes, and adequate doses of insulin and glucagon can be automatically administered.
Furthermore, it is possible to track the device remotely by health personnel or parents and caregivers. Meals do need to be adjusted manually to insulin levels but will enable people with diabetes to sleep during the night without waking to monitor their blood glucose.
Pancreatic islet transplantation: insulin-producing islets are clusters of cells. A person with type 1 diabetes is attacked by the immune system.
Treatment takes the islets of an assembled pancreas and removes the islets in an individual with type 1 diabetes that has been lost. This is an experimental treatment available only if you engage in research.
Diet and Meal Timing for Diabetes
Nothing like a diabetic diet is there. However, it is important to focus your diet on high fiber nutritious foods, such as:
You are recommended by your dietitian that fewer items such as white bread and soft drinks are eaten and processed carbs. And for people with diabetes, this balanced eating plan is recommended.
You need to learn how the number of carbohydrates in the food you consume can be counted to give yourself more insulin to better metabolize the carbohydrates. You can build a food program that suits your needs by a registered dietitian.
Exercise for Diabetes
Exercise is another key factor of a diabetes treatment plan. Check with your doctor before you begin a workout with any form of diabetes. Exercise increases insulin use and can reduce blood sugar levels in your body. Check your blood sugar and eat a carbohydrate snack about half an hour before exercising, if necessary, to avoid your blood sugar from falling to dangerously low levels. Stopping exercise and snacking or drinking a carbohydrate can cause you to experience symptoms of low blood sugar (called hypoglycemia). Wait and search again for fifteen minutes. If it’s still too low, have another snack again. Light exercise should be done for people with type 2 diabetes who want to lose weight.
Most diabetes patients are advised to have moderate aerobic physical activity at least 150 minutes a week, including cycling. Training strength at least once or twice a week is also recommended. Consult a doctor on what kind of workout you like. Learn how to begin (and stick with) a diabetes workout.
Approach your doctor for a referral. Finding support for an emotional wellness issue can assist you with overseeing diabetes, as well. Make sure you’re seeing an Ayurvedic specialist for your diabetes care.
Get more information by visiting www.eliteayurveda.com
Disclaimer: This article is intended to provide treatment and medicine knowledge. This knowledge is not intended for diagnosis, medication, treatment, or disease prevention. Please contact a qualified healthcare professional if you have severe acute or chronic health issues.