An Overview 

Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of conditions that affect the blood sugar in your body (glucose). Glucose is essential for your health since it is a key energy source for muscular and tissue cells. It is also the major source of fuel for your brain.

Cause of Diabetes

The cause of diabetes varies with the genetic composition family background, gender, environmental, and health factors. No popular diabetes is present and it suits all diabetes types because the causes of diabetes rely on the person and the type.

For example, the causes of type 1 diabetes differ greatly from those of gestational diabetes. The factors of diabetes type 2 are also different from those of type 1 diabetes. Indeed, the causes of Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes vary widely.

Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune condition in which insulin cannot be produced by the pancreas. Whereas body insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes.The cause of diabetes varies according to type. However, it can lead to excess sugar in the blood, no matter what kind of diabetes you have. Too much sugar can lead to severe health conditions in your blood.

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are conditions for chronic diabetes. Gestational diabetes and Prediabetes diabetes are potentially reversible conditions. Prediabetes occurs when the levels of your blood sugar are above the normal level. But not high enough to be categorised as diabetes.


And, unless suitable measures are taken to prevent growth, prediabetes is often the precursor of diabetes. Diabetes can occur during pregnancy. But can actually solve once the child has been delivered

Diabetes: Types and their Causes

First, you need to understand how glucose is usually processed in the body to understand diabetes.

How insulin function?

  • Insulin is a hormone from a gland behind and below the belly (pancreas).
  • In the bloodstream, the pancreas secretes insulin.
  • The insulin circulates so that sugar can be brought into your cells.
  • In your bloodstream, insulin reduces the amount of sugar.
  • The secretion of insulin from the pancreas is the same as your blood sugar drops.

The role of  glucose

  • For the cells that compose muscles and other tissues, glucose or sugar is a source of energy.
  • The two main sources of glucose are food and the liver.
  • The bloodstream absorbs sugar, which enters the cells using insulin.
  • Your liver stores glucose and makes it.
  • When glucose levels are low, as if you haven’t been consuming glucose for quite a while, the liver breaks down your stored glucose glycogen to keep the glucose level normal.

Diabetes: Types and their Causes

Causes of Type 1

It is not known exactly what caused type 1 diabetes. What is known is that you attack and destroy your insulin-producing cells in the pancreas with your immune system — which usually fights bacteria or viruses. You have little or no insulin. Sugar grows in your bloodstream, rather than being brought to your cells.

Type 1 is considered to result from the combination of genetic sensitivity and environmental factors, although what these factors exactly are still unclear. In type 1 diabetes, weight is not considered to be a factor.

The immune system causes diabetes of type 1 to damage the cells in the insulin-producing pancreas. Diabetes results in the body leaving insulin insufficient to normal function. This is termed an autoimmune reaction since the body attacks itself.
There are no particular causes of diabetes but there may be the following triggers:

  • Infection of virus or bacteria
  • Food chemical toxins
  • Unidentified component causing an autoimmune reaction.
  • Disposition of genes can also be caused by Type 1 Diabetes.

Causes of Prediabetes and Diabetes Type 2 

Your cells become resistant to the action of insulin and your pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to overcome the resistance in prediabetes that could result in type 2 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. It builds up sugar in your bloodstream instead of moving into your cells, where energy is needed.
The exact reason for this is unsure, even though genetic and environmental factors are also believed to contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes.  Overweight is strongly associated with Type 2 diabetes development, but not all people with  Type 2 are overweight.

The causes of type 2 diabetes are usually multifactorial – it involves more than one diabetes. A family history of type-2 diabetes is often the most overwhelming factor. This is the most probable cause of diabetes of type 2.

There is a range of risk factors for type 2 diabetes, which increases the likelihood of development.
These include:

  • Obesity 
  • Growing old
  • Poor dietary habits
  • Sedentary behaviour
  • Some causes of type 2 diabetes, such as pregnancy or sickness, may be risk factors for the disease.

Causes of Gestational Diabetes

The placenta produces various hormones during pregnancy to maintain your pregnancy. Insulin-creating hormones enhance the insulin tolerance of your cells.
In the absence of this factor, your pancreas usually produces enough insulin to neutralise this resistance. Sometimes, you’re your pancreas simply cannot handle the workload. Gestational diabetes is characterised by a deficiency of glucose in the body tissues and an excess in the blood.

The causes of gestational diabetes, also known as gestational diabetes mellitus, are unknown. However, a number of risk factors contribute to an increased risk of developing this condition:

The causes of gestational diabetes may also be ethnic. Certain ethnic groups are at a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes.

Additional Diabetes Causes

There are numerous other possible causes of diabetes. Among them are the following:

1. Pancreatitis or pancreatectomy

Pancreatitis is linked to a higher risk of developing diabetes.

2. Syndrome of Polycystic Ovaries (PCOS)

One of the primary causes of PCOS is obesity-related insulin resistance. This increases the risk of developing pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

3. Cushing’s syndrome

This syndrome results in an increase in cortisol production. Which contributes to elevated blood glucose levels. An excessive amount of cortisol can lead to diabetes.

4. Glucagonoma

Patients with glucagonoma may develop diabetes as a result of an imbalance in the levels of insulin and glucagon production.

5. Steroid-induced diabetes

Steroid diabetes is a relatively uncommon type of diabetes that develops as a side effect of prolonged glucocorticoid therapy.


Ayurveda & Diabetes

Diabetes, also known as Prameha in Ayurveda, comes in 20 different forms. Kapha is responsible for ten, Pitta for six, and Vata for four. Both of these types will progress to Diabetes Mellitus or Madhumeha if not treated properly.

Medically, excessive sugars are a disease known as “Hyperglycemia” in the urine or blood. Lower insulin production or sensitivity in the insulin is a cause of hyperglycemia. Ayurveda agrees that family history increases the risk of diabetes but unhealthy lifestyles exacerbate the likelihood of diabetics regardless.

Factors that cause diabetes are as per Ayurveda:
  • Excessive use of salty, sweet, sour, and heavy food
  • Frequent use of wine and grains recently collected
  • Sedentary Lifestyle
  • Intellectual / mental activity decreased
  • Lack of workouts
  • Oversleeping
  • Stress
  • Obesity

Look towards a healthy lifestyle: Diabetes|Yoga is the best exercise in Fighting Obesity

Ayurveda helps treat diabetes at its source through light exercise, home remedies, and a balanced diet.

Our Take

Diabetes can cause lots of life-threatening illnesses, including heart attack, nerve damage, blindness, paralysis, limb amputation, and impotence. Patients with diabetes treatment in Ayurveda get safe and simple but not side-effect-free treatment by changing their eating habits and lifestyle.

Given all hereditary, physical, mental, emotional as well as environmental reasons, Ayurveda can be considered the best overall and the most suitable medical system in the field of diabetes for each individual.

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